How Vision Therapy at Home works

Just like building a house – a good Vision Therapy program always starts at the foundation and builds towards higher level skills.  We start with Foundational Skills in Phase 1 and work our way up to Visual Learning skills in Phase 5.

Phase 1

Foundational Skills

Phase 1 includes activities that will begin to lay the foundation for an efficient visual system.  These activities work on basic visual skills that are important for learning – skills like eye movements (tracking), focusing, and gross motor. 

All activities are designed to reinforce and eventually establish new visual skills to make reading, writing, and eye-hand coordination easier.

Phase 2

Visual Input Skills

Phase 2 includes multitasking activities which help integrate the senses.  These activities allow us to develop more complex skills which can be applied to everyday life. 

As we develop automaticity in these areas, less effort is necessary for skills such as copying from the board, reading, and writing.  This Phase also includes activities that work on fine-motor skills for effective and proper pencil grip.

Phase 3

Eye Teaming & Spatial Perception

Phase 3 includes activities that work on eye teaming (binocular vision) skills, laterality, and spatial perception.  Advancing from tracking and focusing, activities that reinforce using our eyes together as a team in a more precise way will maximize visual and overall performance. 

When the eyes fixate, move, align, and focus together, our spatial world opens up. This Phase begins to integrate computer activities via the VisionBuilder computer program.

Phase 4

Visual Processing Skills

Phase 4 includes activities that continue to enhance visual efficiency and visual processing, as we embed the skills learned in previous phases.  Visual information processing skills used in practical every day experiences are practiced and reinforced. 


This Phase focuses on Visual Discrimination, Visualization, and Visual Memory skill development.  These skills are important for reading fluency, writing, spelling, and daily living.

Phase 5

Visual Learning

Phase 5 includes activities that give the participant new strategies for learning in a more visual way.  When we learn how to learn in a more visual way, rather than resorting to auditory or tactile learning, makes memorizing an easier task.  Reading, spelling and math facts are both examples of skills that require visual memory.

Phase 5 focuses on Visualizing for reading and math strategies, Visual Perceptual games and activities, and Expressive & Receptive Language concepts.

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